Deciduous Forest

By: Blake, Sierra, Ameen, and Andy
Animals
White-tailed Deer, American Bald Eagle, American Black Bear, Duckbill Platypus, Coyote, Eastern Chipmunk, Fat Dormouse, and Least Weasel are a few.

Plants

The American Beech, Carpet moss, Common lime, Guelder rose, Lady fern, Northern Arrowwood, Pecan, Shagbark Hickory, Tawny Milksap Mushroom, White birch, and white oak are very common plants in deciduous forests.



Climate

The Deciduous has 4 distinct seasons, with summers averaging a temperature of 70 degrees F. Winters have an average temperature of a few below 0 degrees F. The During the summer the Deciduous forest has up to 18 inches of rain. The oceans play a big part in the climate as well as winds. The combined result of these two factors come out as four everchanging seasons. http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/deciduous_climate_page.htm







10 Facts
1. Trees change colors due to season changes.
2. Almost half of the animals within the Deciduous Forests are endangered.
3. Deciduous forests are one of the most threatened areas in the world.
4. There are over 15 different types of grasses and trees in the forests.
5. Deforestation is the biggest threat to this biome.
6. The growing season is 5-6 months.
7. Deciduous means: To shed
8. Recycling can help save the forests.
9. Deciduous forests are located on every continent
10. Forest gets 100cm of rain a year.


Zones
There are five different zones in the deciduous forest. The first zone is the Tree Stratum zone. This zone contains trees such as oak, beech maple, chestnut hickory, elm, basswood, linden, walnut and sweet gum trees. The height of the zone is 60-100 feet tall.
The next zone is the small tree and sapling zone. This one contains young, short trees.
The third zone is the shrub zone. Some of the shrubs in this zone are rhododendrons, azaleas, mountain laurel, and huckleberries.
The herb zone is next. There are short plants such as herbal plants.
The final zone is the ground zone. It contains lichen, true mosses, and club mosses.




There are many threats to the deciduous forest. Some big problems are development and agriculture. We cut down trees for our needs and we don't look back. You can help prevent these threats by recycling. People need to understand that what we are doing is affecting many things in the world, like forests. The trees in the deciduous forests are hardwood meaning they don't grow back fast. Even more threats to the forest are global warming and acid rain. Keep recycling!





The White Tailed Deer
By: SierraThe white tailed deer is one of the animals in the deciduous forest biome. They have distinct colors that blend in with their surroundings. During the winter, they are the same grayish colors as the trees that they live around. But during the summer, they are more of a red color. They have a white fur inside the ears, in circles around the eyes, down the throat, upper inside of the legs, and below the tail. They change their colors so they can camouflage in with their surroundings. The most distinct difference between bucks and does are the antlers. Bucks shed, or lose, their antlers between January and March, and then grow them back again during April or May. They grow to be about three to three and a half feet tall at the shoulders. Bucks can get to be about 400 pounds, while does can get anywhere between 70 and 200 pounds. They are mostly active during the night, though they can be active anytime of the day. Their feeding times are before dawn, and from late afternoon to dusk, both for several hours. They eat green plants in the summer; nuts, acorns, twigs and the buds of birch, maple, and conifer trees in the winter. Mating lasts from October to December, and then 7 months later, the doe gives birth to 1-2 fawns, which are a brown color with white spots at first, which they lose by their first winter. Fawns walk at birth, and they eat on grass a few days later, and then they wean by the time they are 6 weeks old. Normally they live solitary, except for the few does and fawns that band together, and occasionally bucks may join those groups and scare other bucks away. During the winter, the deer get in herds to keep warm. They live on farmlands, brushy and forested areas in most of southern Canada and except for 2 or 3 states in the west, all of the mainland United States. They also live in Central America and Bolivia. Unless they are in captivity, where they live for about 20 years, they normally live for about 10 years. When they are in the wild, they snort and stamp their hooves to warn other deer of danger. If they are running away, they stick their tail up to warn other deer of the danger, and to give the fawns something to follow. They have good eyes sight and hearing, but they depend on their sense of smell to detect danger. Nearly whipped out in most of the northeast and Midwest of the United States, but because of hunting restrictions and fewer predators, there are more now than ever before.
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White Tailed Buck
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White Tailed Doe



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White Tailed Fawn



















FOOD WEB


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Food_Web.jpg



Works Cited


"Biomes of the World - TeachersFirst." Untitled Document. Web. 26 Feb. 2010. Network for instructional inc. "Deciduous forest." Biomes of the world-teachers first. Network for instructional tv inc., 2001-2008. Web. 1 Mar. 2010. <http://www.teachersfirst.com/lessons/biomes/deciduous.html>.

"Earth Floor: Biomes." COTF. Web. 26 Feb. 2010. <http://www.cotf.edu/ete/modules/msese/earthsysflr/dforest.html>.

Radford University Home Page. Web. 26 Feb. 2010. <http://www.runet.edu/~swoodwar/CLASSES/GEOG235/biomes/tbdf/tbdf.html>.

"Temperate Deciduous Forest Animal Printouts - EnchantedLearning.com." ENCHANTED LEARNING HOME PAGE. Web. 26 Feb. 2010. <http://www.enchantedlearning.com/biomes/tempdecid/tempdecid.shtml>.

"Temperate Deciduous Forests Biome." KIDCYBER. Web. 26 Feb. 2010. <http://www.kidcyber.com.au/topics/biomeforest.htm>.


















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